Millions of youngsters worldwide still lack access to the right to an education today. More than 759 million individuals are illiterate and lack the necessary knowledge to improve their and their children’s living conditions. Additionally, more than 72 million children of primary school age are not enrolled in school.

causes of low literacy

Inequality and poverty

It is noteworthy because marginalization and inequality continue to exist for many youngsters who still do not have access to school.

Children lack access to primary education in both wealthy and developing nations due to disparities in sex, health, and cultural identity (ethnic origin, language, religion). These kids lack access to learning essential for their intellectual and social development because they are on the periphery of the educational system.

The likelihood that a child will not attend school and have a higher dropout rate is increased by two factors associated with poverty: unemployment, illness, and parent illiteracy.

Undoubtedly, many youngsters from underprivileged families are compelled to drop out of school owing to health issues brought on by malnutrition or in order to work and support the family.

Deficits in emerging nations’ finances

The issue of universal primary education is significant and significant for many states.

Many developing nations do not allocate the funds to build schools, provide educational supplies, or hire and train teachers. The international community has given money, but it typically isn’t enough to enable governments to set up a system of education for all children.

A lack of funding also impacts the standard of instruction. Basic teacher training does not help teachers, and schools with too many students have big classes.

This overflow causes classes where students of all educational levels are crammed together, preventing each child from receiving an education tailored to their unique needs and talents. As a result, there is still a high dropout rate and rate of educational failure.

Overview of the global right to education

Most impacted areas.

Around the world, more than 72 million kids are still not in school as a result of poverty and marginalization.

More than 32 million children of primary school age are still illiterate, making Sub-Saharan Africa the region most severely affected. With more than 27 million uneducated children, Central and Eastern Asia and the Pacific are significantly impacted by this issue.

These areas must also address the enduring issues of acute educational poverty (a child in school for less than four years) and educational poverty (a child in school for less than four years) (a child in education for less than two years).

This primarily pertains to Sub-Saharan Africa, where more than half of youngsters receive less than four years of formal education. More than 50% of kids obtain school for less than two years in some nations, including Somalia and Burkina Faso.

Poor education and illiteracy hurt the populace and nation. These nations’ social and economic growth is significantly hampered by the fact that youngsters leave school without learning the fundamentals.

The education of females is in danger due to gender inequality.

Currently, girls are the group with the least access to education. They account for more than 54% of the world’s uneducated population.

Men’s cultural and historically favored treatment is the main cause of this problem, particularly prevalent in the Arab States, Central Asia, and Southern and Western Asia. Boys have the right to an education, but girls are destined to work in the family household.

Over 12 million girls in sub-Saharan Africa run the risk of never going to school. More than 80% of girls in Yemen will never have the chance to attend school. Alarmingly, some nations, like Somalia or Afghanistan, do little to address the educational achievement disparity between males and girls.

While many developing nations may take pride in significantly reducing the educational disparity between boys and girls, much work remains before universal primary education can be attained.